Refractive Errors: The Most Common Vision Problems
Refractive errors are the most common vision problems, and there are 4 different types of refractive errors: myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia.
1. Myopia is more commonly known as nearsightedness. Being nearsighted is a vision problem in which you can only see close-up objects clearly.
2. Hyperopia is more commonly known as farsightedness. With farsightedness, an individual will generally see far objects clearly, while close-up objects are fuzzy.
3. Astigmatism is when the light that shines into the eye doesn’t evenly focus across the retina. It can cause distant or close-up objects to appear distorted or blurred.
4. Presbyopia is seen most in older adults. It is when the eyes have difficulty focusing on close up objects.
Your optometrist can diagnose vision problems, including refractive errors, during your routine eye exam. Some people with refractive errors notice and see an optometrist to get glasses or contacts; others may not notice that their vision isn’t as clear as it could be. This is why routine eye exams are crucial to your medical care. You might need vision correction and not even realize it. If you believe you suffer from vision problems or are overdue on your routine eye exam, schedule an appointment with us at Dr. Miller & Dr. Tilis Family Optometry today.